Basic Info on an Enlarged Fatty Liver

Fatty Liver Basic Info

What is an enlarged fatty liver?

An enlarged fatty liver, or hepatic steatosis, is a liver disorder that occurs when too much fat is accumulated in the liver. This enlarged fatty liver is usually due to high-fat diet, excessive alcohol, obesity, hypertension, diabetes milletus, and high triglyceride.

How does an enlarged fatty liver develop?

The human liver has several functions such as bile production, blood regulation, detoxification, and metabolism. The liver helps emulsify fat, breaking down large fat globules into smaller ones that are broken down by lipase and other enzymes. It also helps regulate and maintain blood sugar levels. The liver also naturally filters toxic substances and excretes them in the form of urine. Lastly, it helps metabolize carbohydrates, fat, and protein. When the body takes in too much fat, the liver finds it difficult to break all these, which is where an enlarged fatty liver starts to develop.

What are the signs and symptoms of an enlarged fatty liver?

When one develops an enlarged fatty liver, there are no visible and immediate symptoms at the early stages. Because it is asymptomatic, it is difficult to deal with an enlarged fatty liver. Patients are usually clueless unless the symptoms do show, and more often than not, they do when the enlarged fatty liver has progressed to a worse case. Symptoms of an enlarged fatty liver include nausea, weakness, confusion, tiredness, abdominal pain, discomfort in the lower right torso, and jaundice (yellowing of the skin and the white of the eyes).

How can an enlarged fatty liver be treated?

Although there is no medical treatment that can cure an enlarged fatty liver, there are ways that can help in reversing the condition and prevent the enlarged fatty liver from progressing to something worse. These include a healthy and balanced diet (low fat, high fiber, complex carbohydrates, enough protein), regular exercise, and good habits (avoiding smoking an excessive alcohol intake).

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